Rencong dagger from Aceh
This item has been sold.
Overall length

Sheathed 42 cm

Dagger 35.6 cm

Blade length

22 cm

Blade thickness

Base 9.2 mm

Middle 5 mm

5 cm from tip 4 mm

Blade width

Widest at tip 16 mm

Weight

180 grams

Point of balance

At base of blade

Materials

Buffalo horn, iron, steel, wood

Origin

Aceh, Sumatra

Dating

19th century

Probably before 1860

Provenance

From the collection of a Dutch police officer who served in Indonesia around the mid-20th century. Thence by descent.

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Introduction

The rencong is an Acehnese type of thrusting dagger that was often worn together with the sikin panjiang. They have a narrow, pointy blade and a bulbous hilt, often with a long protrusion at right angles from the hilt.

For more information, see my glossary article: Rencong

 

This example

A typical example of a good quality rencong. It features a blade that Fischer, writing in 1912, describes as type C:

Rencong blade types drawing

Type A: With a smooth blade

Type B: With a faint sunken section

Type C: With a clearly defined fuller 

 

The blade is forge-folded with an attractive burl wood grain pattern that was etched to form somewhat of a relief.

The hilt is made of caribou horn and follows the typical form of the rencong with bulbous main grip and slender stick protruding at a sharp angle from the pommel side.

The scabbard is of a light, almost orange colored wood that is nicely carved and engraved.

 

Provenance

From the collection of a Dutch police officer who served in Indonesia around the mid-20th century. Thence by descent.

 

Notes
1. H.W. Fischer; Catalogus van 's Rijks Ethnographisch Museum. Deel VI. Atjėh, Gajō- en Alaslanden. Sumatra I. E.J. Brill, Leiden. 1912. Page 141.

 

Rencong dagger from Aceh
Rencong dagger from Aceh
Rencong dagger from Aceh
Rencong dagger from Aceh
Rencong dagger from Aceh
Rencong dagger from Aceh
Rencong dagger from Aceh
Rencong dagger from Aceh
Rencong dagger from Aceh
Rencong dagger from Aceh

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