Language: Acehnese
Source: Period accounts

Description

The rencong is a typical Acehnese type of thrusting dagger that was often worn together with the sikin panjiang. They feature a narrow, pointy blade and a bulbous hilt, often with a long protrusion in the direction of the blade's spine.1

It is found under various names in old accounts, including rentjong, reuntjōng, rintjōng and rintjoeng.

A rencong dagger from Aceh

A typical Acehnese rencong.
Listed at Mandarin Mansion in 2021.

 

Fischer, writing in 1912, distinguished three main types:

Rencong blade types drawing

 

Type A: With a smooth blade

Type B: With a faint sunken section

Type C: With a clearly defined fuller 

 

High quality ornate rencong with golden crowns were part of Acehnese state regalia, presented to local rulers and nobility by the sultan.

 

Notes to description
1. G. Bisseling & P. Vermeiren; Rentjongs. Tweede Uitgave. Musket, Antwerpen. 1988.
2. H.W. Fischer; Catalogus van 's Rijks Ethnographisch Museum. Deel VI. Atjėh, Gajō- en Alaslanden. Sumatra I. E.J. Brill, Leiden. 1912. Page 141.

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Its blade with very fine and complex pamor, brought out by a polish.

€2200,-

An exceptionally large example with a desirable three fullered blade.

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Using a possibly captured M1898 "klewang" blade.

€800,-

In the style of a Malay keris panjang.

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Carved of amber-colored horn, with an ancestral face with metal inlays.

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Made of carved wood with metal inlays for eyes and mouth.

€450,-