Language: Mandarin Chinese
Source: In common use


Kuī () means "helmet" in Chinese. 


A Jianruiying field helmet.

At first glance this looks like a standard pattern Qing military helmet of the late 18th century. But: The back and side flaps are indigo blue with yellow edging: Jianruiying colors.

A practical helmet, the flaps are brigandine with rectangular steel plates are secured inside the fabric with rivets that can be seen from the outside.


Jianruiying field helmet

Jianruiying helmet. Frontal view.
Author's collection.



Jianruiying field helmet

Jianruiying helmet. Back and side views.
Author's collection.


Jianruiying helmet inside

View inside the helmet, showing the liner cap.


Jianruiying liner cap

Liner cap in Jianruiying colors.
(Usually, these are black and red, regardless of banner affiliation.)


Jianruiying helmet, top view

Jianruiying helmet, top view.





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Presented by the local Dai nobility to a British customs officer in 1936.


With designs of four dragons in scrollwork around a "wish-granting-jewel"


A rather well-made example of its type.


A purely Chinese guard and not a very orn


Most likely used by the multi-cultural crews of pirate fleets that roamed the South China seas.


With heavy pierced silver mounts in with archaic dragon designs.