Khasi dao
Overall length

102.4 cm

Blade length

62.7 cm

Blade thickness

Base 7 mm

At widening 3.5 mm

5 cm from tip 2 mm

Blade width

Base 22 mm

At widening 43 mm

5 cm from tip 13 mm


903 grams

Point of balance

2.7 under base of blade

(balanced in the hilt!)


Iron, steel, white metal

(silver or baitong)


Khasi Hills, Assam, India



Of unknown age

Passed around as heirlooms when first encountered in the 19th century


From a European private collection

Price €3200, -

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The Khasi dao is a peculiar weapon that consists of a rather Chinese-looking blade on an all-metal hilt with double crossguards. Khasi dao is a term coined by Westerners, locally it was known as waitsum or "spear sword".

The pommel end is always in the shape of a fish tail. By the time ethnographers first encountered them they were already obsolete, of unknown origin, and passed down in wealthy families as heirlooms and used in ceremonies.

"These arms of the Khasi-Jyntia tribes are as peculiar as their language.
"The tiny family of Khasi is like an island in the midst of the Tibeto-Burman Sea." - (Robt. Cust, Languages of the E. Indies, p.4.)." 

-Lord Egerton of Tatton, 1880


The blade shape appears as early as the Tang dynasty, carried by tribute bearers of unknown origin.

Tang tribute bearers

Yan Liben (?-673), early Tang dynasty.
Tribute bearers to the Tang court, probably of the missions of 631 A.D.
Handscroll, ink and colors on silk, 61 x 191 cm.
National Palace Museum, Taiwan.

For more information on the type, see my glossary article: Khasi dao.


This example

A fine example of this rather rare weapon. The large blade remains in a good but original condition, with no signs of recent abrasive cleaning. One can vaguely make out the laminate construction and heat treatment of the edge. At the base of the blade, at the spine, is a peculiar feature of a drop of white metal, possibly silver or báitóng (白銅) that appears to be applied hot. From the drop is a diagonal line on both sides. There is probably a symbolic meaning to this, although I have found nothing in the literature that might explain it.

The all-metal hilt is constructed out of a tube with flattened hexagonal cross-section, from which hammered iron rod protrudes which itself is capped with an elongated fish-tail pommel that fits over it with a socket. A small bolster appears where the tail starts to flare out, reminiscent of the bolsters seen on some Chinese and SE Asian spearheads.

There are two sturdy crossguards, one at the blade-hilt junction and another going through the iron rod that makes the center of the hilt. The entire hilt is covered with an old deep brown shiny patina.

In use, it seems optimized for grasping it with one hand, behind the rearmost guard, far from the blade. When grasping behind the guard at the hilt-blade junction you are at the point of balance and it feels sluggish, with no cutting power. The uppermost guard is probably only for the occasional "half swording".

Another notable feature is that the hilt between the two guards is ridged in cross-section.


Khasi dao
Khasi dao
Khasi dao
Khasi dao
Khasi dao
Khasi dao
Khasi dao
Khasi dao
Khasi dao

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With gold koftgari decorated hilt.


From the knife-making center of Bhera in the Punjab, using finely polished serpentine.


Belonging to a group of royal katar made by Khemau under Maharao Ram Singh.


With vintage silver mounted scabbard.


With a fine wootz blade with a pronounced center ridge.


The style typical of Kutch, the execution far above what is normally seen on work from that area.

Price on request