With markings attributing it to the Tongzhou incident and a Japanese surrender tag.
The very detailed mountings are decorated with designs of Japanese spiny lobsters.
Unusual Chinese duanjian with fine gilt mounts and a blade of non-Chinese origin.
A standard pattern Qing military saber, but with the rare addition of a label in Manchu.
Large and heavy example with the notable Umlauff provenance.
Built around an imported blade, with a human head shaped pommel.