On a sturdy, user-grade blade with temper line.
Sheathed 35.2 cm
Knife 33 cm
Base 7 mm
Middle 5 mm
3 cm from tip 3 mm
Base 26.5 mm
Middle 22.5 mm
3 cm from tip 17 mm
2 cm from hilt
Iron, steel, wood, bamboo, silver, copper, brass
European antique art market
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Da̱hmjaun (ဓားမြှောင်) is the name for a Burmese dagger. In old colonial writings and among collectors today it is often spelled dha hmyuang.1
It consists of the words: da (ဓားမြှောင်); Knife, chopper, sword and hmjaun (မြှောင်); 1. Be alongside; get alongside; stay alongside. 2. Depend on.2
They carried and used as utility knives and weapons.
Notes to introduction
1. E.N. Bell I.C.S.; A Monograph on Iron and Steel Work in Burma. Rangoon, Superintendent, Government Printing Burma, 1907. Also see Robert Hales; Islamic and Oriental Arms and Armour: A Lifetime's Passion, England, 2013. Pages 148-149.
2. Adoniram Judson; Judson's Burmese-English dictionary, revised and enlarged by Robert C. Stevenson. Government Printing, Rangoon, Burma, 1893. Available on archive.org and Myanmar-English Dictionary by the Myanmar Language Commission. 1993.
A somewhat unusual example. It the typical Burmese blade style with a long back bevel and slightly recurved blade. The blade is decorated on both sides with meandering lines in copper with sprays of silver branching out left and right. Above it, just under the spine is a silver zig-zag line which is repeated on the back of the blade.
The hilt is made of a piece of dark hardwood, polished smooth. It has an iron ferrule which is entirely crosshatched and blackened, with many tiny silver flowers in overlay.
The scabbard is made of two halves of very thick bamboo, mounted on either side with a silver sheet fitting with braided silver wire decoration. The mouthpiece seems slightly later than the endpiece, possibly a later working life replacement, done in the same style.
Dating & attribution
The style is typical for knives and swords that are attributable to the Bamar people of Burma, the country's dominant ethnic group. The use of iron for the ferrule and the style and nature of the blade's decoration make me think it probably dates from the mid 19th century.
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An unusual cross-cultural mix, blending Burmese, Japanese and Indian parts.
Presented by the local Dai nobility to a British customs officer in 1936.
An almost textbook example of a silver-plated kalasan.
With exceptionally wide blade, forged with a hardened leading edge.
In original condition and period finish. Some losses, no repairs.