Sikin panjang with golden crown
Overall length

74.3 cm

Blade length

57 cm

Blade thickness

Base 10 mm

Middle 5 mm

Near tip 3.5 mm

Blade width

Base 34.5 mm

Middle 34 mm

Near tip 36 mm

Point of balance

13 cm from hilt

Weight

645 grams

Origin

Aceh, Sumatra, Indonesia

Materials

Iron, steel, gold, enamel, horn

Dating

Mid 19th century

Probably before 1879

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A typical example of the better sikin panjang with a golden crown.

Of characteristic form with a straight, hollow ground, single-edged blade with a shallow groove near the spine. The blade is forge folded revealing a nice burl pattern in the steel. It has the horn handle with forked end typically found on these.

Golden crown

This piece features a double golden crown that says something about the rank of a previous owner. The lowest rank that could wear a single golden crown were the panglima prang, literally, "military commanders". Those with double or triple crowns can probably be attributed to the local nobility or uleebalang and their retainers. The Sultan himself had weapons with four-tiered crowns.

Christiaan Snouck Hurgronje, a scholar of Oriental cultures & Advisor on Native Affairs to the Dutch East Indies writes:

"The panglima prang also ranks to some extent as a member of the uleebalang's suite. Anyone who has distinguished himself on some few occasions as a warrior is raised (in just the same way as the panglima kaiuom), to the rank of panglima prang, a rather empty dignity if considered alone. The weapons (sikin panjang and reunchong) which he receives from the uleebalang on his appointment, he must return to him again if he should ever embrace the cause of an enemy of the latter.

In times of peace these officers have no share in the government or administration of justice; in war the amount of confidence reposed by the uleebalang in his panglima-prang as leaders of his fighting men depends on the personal qualities of the chief himself."1

The crown on this piece is further enriched with enamel in blue and green in a fashion that reminds of some Indian work.

Conclusion

A nice example of an Acehnese sikin panjang with double golden crown. These weapons were worn by people of rank, starting at the local military leaders or panglima prang ranks and up.

Notes
1. Christiaan Snouck Hurgronje, The Acehnese, E.J. Brill, Leiden, 1906. Page 93.

Sikin panjang with golden crown
Sikin panjang with golden crown
Sikin panjang with golden crown
Sikin panjang with golden crown
Sikin panjang with golden crown
Sikin panjang with golden crown
Sikin panjang with golden crown
Sikin panjang with golden crown
Sikin panjang with golden crown
Sikin panjang with golden crown
Sikin panjang with golden crown

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