Perhaps one of the most famous and long-lived of Chinese weapons.
(from handle side of guard)
Forte 5 mm
Middle 4.5 mm
Near tip 3 mm
Forte 32 mm
Middle 29 mm
Near tip 25 mm
(not counting tassel)
15 cm from handle side of guard
China, Republican period
Steel, brass, wood, ray-skin, lacquer, copper.
Tassel is a plant fiber, possibly viscose.
Early 20th century.
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The Chinese Republican period is the time where many Chinese martial arts developed the forms by which we know them today. It was a time when Chinese martial arts practice slowly moved away from battlefield practicality and into exercises for personal development and health.
Several types of swords were still in production at the time. Most were pure martial arts training pieces with soft metal blades, reflecting the trend towards forms practice. Some rarer examples of republican jian turn up from time to time with excellent blades, differentially heat-treated and well-hardened, and still fully capable of fighting. This piece belongs to that category.
Chen Weiming (陳微明) wielding a very similar jian in 1929.
Notice the flat ricasso and ace-of-spades style guard.
From: Chen Wei-Ming's Compendium on Taiji Sword.
A nice and complete example of a republican period jian, probably dating from the 1920's or 1930's. Its blade with European style ricasso merges into a more traditionally shaped Chinese double-edged blade of lozenge cross-section and with a pronounced center ridge. The blade is forged with an inserted high-carbon edge plate between layers of milder steel (sanmei) and with hints of differential heat treatment. All these effects are very subtly seen, never meant to stand out as the construction was purely for practical reasons: To make a good sword with a hard edge and resilient body. Edge currently not fully sharpenend.
The hilt in classic "ace-of-spades" style with unpolished ray-skin rawhide handle section for good grip. It comes with an old red tassel that is probably original to the piece. Some minor play in the hilt.
Scabbard is made of wood and bound entirely with copper wire, a common practice on late Qing / early Republican pieces. The mounts are in brass with ornamental cutouts in the traditional fashion. Some losses to the scabbard lacquer and wire, but everything that is still there is in stable condition.
At one kilo its a hefty sword but it is balanced to hold a good middle ground between heavy cutting and precise thrusting ability. It has a good, representative feel for a full-fledged fighting jian.
A well-made fighting jian of the Republican period, in good condition and complete with scabbard and tassel. It handles and feels like the better full-length Qing dynasty fighting jian.
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From approximately the 5th to 3rd century B.C.
Built around a beautifully forged blade, in full polish, revealing a burl grain pattern.
Presented by the local Dai nobility to a British customs officer in 1936.
With designs of four dragons in scrollwork around a "wish-granting-jewel"
A fine Chinese straightsword blade, of typical Qing form with a rather wide profile.