Language: Mandarin Chinese
Source: Classical literature

The gulu fulgiyan gūsa or "Plain Red Banner" was one of the Qing's Eight Banners.

Plain Red Banner

English: "Plain Red Banner"
Mandarin Chinese: Zhènghóngqí (正紅旗)
Manchu: gulu fulgiyan gūsa

The Eight Banners (Bāqí (八旗) in Chinese or jakūn gūsa in Manchu) were administrative divisions under which all Manchu households were placed. Manchus were typically born under a certain banner and served under that banner for life. In rare cases, families were moved from one banner to another. There were also Eight Mongolian and Chinese Banners.

"Bannermen" enjoyed privileges like steady payment in silver, stipends of rice and land grants, and exemption from torture when caught for a crime. In return, Bannermen were the emperor's servants and could only become warrior or official. Every banner family was to provide a number of warriors and take care of a certain number of horses.

Bannermen lived in Beijing's inner city surrounding the imperial palace, or in one of the many walled garrisons throughout the empire. The Eight Banners served as an elite front-line army in the many Qing wars of conquest and expansion.

Also see

The full article on Bāqí (八旗), "the Eight Banners".

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A rather well-made example of its type.

€1500,-

Of a type also issued to the Qing Vanguard.

€475,-

With good, layered blade, mounted in forged iron mounts.

€1800,-

A bronze processional piece with reign marks attributing it to the year 1864.

€2800,-

Such rings were worn by Qing dynasty "bannermen" as a sign of their status as a conquest elite.

€600,-

A Chinese sword guard from the 18th century with a Buddhist mantra in lantsa script.

€800,-
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