Language: Mandarin Chinese
Origin: Classical literature

Kirtimukha face of glory

Mandarin Mansion's logo is a tāotiè.
Based on the guard of a 15th-century Chinese sword in the Royal Armories in Leeds.


Description

Tāotiè (饕餮) is a mythical creature that is used as a decorative element on Chinese objects.

It first appears on bronze vessels of the Shang dynasty of the 16th to 10th century B.C. The first written mention of the name tāotiè is in the Zuo Zhuan of the 4th century B.C. Tāotiè , literally means "gluttonous".

During the Ming dynasty, poet Yang Shen (楊慎, 488–1559) includes the tāotiè in the list of Nine Sons of the Dragon, described as "The taotie likes to eat and drink; it used to appear on the surface of the cauldrons."

The tāotiè seems strongly related to the kīrtimukha (Sanskrit: कीर्तिमुख) which literally means "face of glory", it is an all-devouring monster that is used across Asia as an auspicious decorative element that is supposed to consume evil.
 

Examples

Shang dynasty bronze vessel

The earliest known form of Tāotiè on a Shang dynasty (1700 to 1027 B.C.) bronze vessel.

Shanghai Museum.

A Japanese tachi guard in nanban styleKirtimukha or tāotiè on a Japanese tachi tsuba

Kirtimukha on Vietnamese saber guardKirtimukha on the guard of a Vietnamese saber. 18th century.
This is a rarer example with a lower jaw. Vietnamese design often breaks convention.

Taotie on a jianTāotiè shaped guard on a Chinese shortsword. 19th century.

Kirtimukha sword guardTāotiè shaped sword guard. Tibet 14th-15th century.
Metropolitan Museum accession number 2014.533
.

 

Also see: Kīrtimukha



 

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Presented by the local Dai nobility to a British customs officer in 1936.

€2000,-

With designs of four dragons in scrollwork around a "wish-granting-jewel"

€3500,-

A rather well-made example of its type.

€1500,-

Of a type also issued to the Qing Vanguard.

€475,-

A purely Chinese guard and not a very orn

€175,-

Most likely used by the multi-cultural crews of pirate fleets that roamed the South China seas.

€250,-
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