Language: Gond
Source: Lord Egerton of Tatton

Description

Pharetri is used by Lord Egerton to describe a type of axe that is mostly associated with the Khond people of central, eastern and southern India. The Hindi word given by Egerton is Tonngya.1

Stone omits pharetri in his Glossary and lists them as bullova instead.He does list a tongia which he describes as the axe of the Bygas, who obtain their axes from a hill people called Agurias, "who seem to be a section of the Gonds".3

 

Bullova

A bullova from the George Cameron Stone collection.
Now in the Metropolitan Museum in New York.
Accession number 36.25.1813

A number of these axes were presented to King Edward VII, when Prince of Wales, during his tour of India in 1875-76. See among others Royal Collection Trust, accession number: RCIN 37658

Also see, Royal Armories, Leeds, accession number: XVIC.20

Notes
1. See: Lord Egerton of Tatton; Indian and Oriental Arms and Armour. Dover Publications; Revised edition, 2002. Page 78.
2. See: Stone, George C.; A Glossary of the Construction, Decoration and Use of Arms and Armor: in All Countries and in All Times. (Reprint) Jack Brussel, New York, 1961. Page 155.
3. Ibid. Page 622.

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With a samvat date that corresponds to 1691 A.D.

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