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Language: Ainu
Source: John Batchelor; An Ainu-English-Japanese dictionary. 1905


Kuttom-ushbe appears in John Batchelor's 1905 Ainu dictionary as:

"A long knife worn in the belt"

The typical knife carried by virtually all Ainu was the makiri, a small utility knife that was won suspended from the belt, attached by means of a string and toggle.

The extant Ainu weapons that fit Batchelor's description bear resemblance to the Japanese tantō, including having a loop on the scabbard that the Japanese call kurigata. It is used for attaching the sageo, a strap that in turn attaches the scabbard to the belt, so it doesn't come along during a quick draw.



An Ainu kuttom-ushbe.
Mandarin Mansion inventory 2022.


A larger, o-tantō sized piece is in the Minneapolis Institute of Art. It has an associated sword sash that I think came from a full-sized Ainu sword. This piece was likely also meant to be carried in a belt, as suggested by the presence of a kurigata like on our piece. Accession number: 2019.20.11a, b.

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