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Language: Mandarin Chinese
Source: Period dictionary


Kòuzi (扣子) literally means "little notch".1

It is the string notch found on either side of a bow.


Bow tip on a Qing bow

Ear of a Qing bow made by the Changxing workshop, Chengdu.
Sold by Mandarin Mansion in 2019.


Ear of Qing bow

Ear of a Qing bow with a separate inserted shāo tóu of translucent horn to reinforce the string notch.
Sold by Mandarin Mansion in 2018.

Other bow parts

Qing bow glossary




Pinyin transliteration




1. Bow grip 弓弝 Gōngbà
2. Sides of bow grip 弓弝膀子 Gōngbà bǎngzi
3. Arrow slipping spot 箭溜子 Jiàn liūzi
4. Bow ear 弓弰 Gōng shāo
5. Tip 弰頭 Shāo tóu
6. String notch 扣子 Kòuzi
7. String bridge 弓墊子 Gōng diànzi
8. Bow knee (lit. "brain") 弓腦 Gōng nǎo
9. Painted birch bark 畫樺皮 Huà huà pí
10. Bow face 弓面 Gōng miàn
11. Bowstring 弓弦 Gōng xián
12. Bowstring knot 弦挌搭 Xián gé dā


All terms are from: Wuti Qingwen Jian (五體清文鑑) or "Five languages compendium", a Qing imperial dictionary in Manchu, Mongolian, Uighur, Tibetan, and Chinese of circa 1790. Published under the Qianlong emperor.

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DescriptionAn old Chinese conical helmet of a ty


Probably of Southern origin, with a straight blade and flaring tip.


In the style of northern work of the 16th and 17th centuries


Made of solid silver, in Qing court style. With 19th-century European import marks.


Made of iron, shaped as a gourd, with silver overlay.


A simple utilitarian weapon, probably made for rural martial artists or militia.