Language: Persian
Source: Primary reference


Khapwa is possibly an alternative name for chilanum.

The Ain-i-Akbari (Persian: آئینِ اکبری‎) or the "Administration of Akbar" of the 16th-century depicts three sheathed daggers with a chilanum-like shape which are called khapwa, jhanbwah and bank.

The khapwa has the characteristic ball grip often seen on chilanum.

Judging from the scabbards, the blades on the depicted daggers have a single curve in them, they do not seem to recurve as most chilanum seem to do.

(Jhanbwah is probably an alternative spelling of Jambiya, an Arabic name for a dagger.)


A page from the Ain-I-Akbari depicting the three daggers that remind strongly of chilanum.
1. khapwa, 2. jhanbwah (jambiya) and 3. bank.


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Chiseled with a rare type of decor on the base, and with two Islamic inscriptions.


Signed: Ricky Milnes, India 44, Burma 44, Ramree 45.


A large and heavy example with chiseled decor and silver overlaid base.


An unusual cross-cultural mix, blending Burmese, Japanese and Indian parts.


Somewhat worn but once very high-quality, with great sculptural qualities and remains of silver "true…


With wootz blade, and silver overlaid hilt that was finished with fire-gilding.