Language: Mandarin Chinese


Báitóng (白銅), also known as baktong in the Cantonese dialect, is a an alloy of copper, nickel, and zinc that is thought to have been used by the Chinese as early as the 10th century A.D. Initially the alloy was found only in Yunnan.1

The Chinese have sold ingots of the material to the western world since 1597 until the latter figured out how to make it themselves in the 18th century.2

Today it is more commonly known as "German silver" as it were the Germans who first started to produce the alloy in commercial quantities. During the Qing, the export of the prized material was forbidden but was nevertheless smuggled plenty through maritime trade.


In the realm of arms and armor, báitóng is often used for mountings of knives and swords. It is most commonly used on trousse fittings, but also encountered on swords and sabers from time to time.

Trousse set

Báitóng caps on the container of an elaborate Chinese trousse set.
Personal collection.


Baitong mounted saber

Baitong sword guard on Chinese saber

A rare báitóng mounted Chinese saber.
Sold by Mandarin Mansion in 2018.

1. Joseph Needham: Science and Civilisation in China, Vol 5-22: Chemistry and Chemical Technology, page 190.
2. Ibid, pages 227-228.



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Presented by the local Dai nobility to a British customs officer in 1936.


It has a narrow but sturdy blade with a springy temper.


A beautiful signed Japanese ferrule and pommel plate.


A purely Chinese guard and not a very ornate one, converted for Japanese use.


An outstanding example with very fine silver and moth-of-pearl work.


With a hidden compartment for a small utility knife.