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Loukong Chinese openwork

Lòukōng (鏤空)

Chinese term for openwork.
Chinese bow ear logo

Gōng shāo (弓弰)

Chinese term for "bow ear".
Strength bow

Wǔkē gōng (武科弓)

Chinese term for heavy bows, often used for strength testing and training.
Strength testing bow logo

A Qing strength bow

A very heavy Manchu bow used for strength training and military examinations.
Deconstructed Qing bow logo

A deconstructed Qing bow

For the bowyers, a set of parts of an authentic 19th century Qing bow.
Qing folding bow logo

Qing folding bow

A short-eared composite bow with an iron hinge in the handle so it folds upon itself.
Bow grip

Gōngbà bǎngzi (弓弝膀子)

Qing Chinese for the sides of the bow grip.
Bow grip

Gōngbà (弓弝)

Qing Chinese word for "bow grip".
Bow logo

Qing bow glossary

A glossary of terminology regarding the Manchu style bow that was in common use during the Qing dynasty.
Qing rank badge

Bŭzi (補子)

Chinese for a ranking badge worn by civil and military officials
Qing military rank badge

Qing military rank badge

Depicting the golden cat, representing the 6th military rank.
Chinese pole arm logo

Qing piandao polearm

Of a style that fell out of use with the fall of the Qing.
Late Qing jian

Late Qing jian

A typical example, complete with lacquered scabbard.
Qing militia jian

Seven stars militia jian

A short, stout Chinese straightsword of a type used by village defenses across the empire.
Qing whistling arrow

Shào jiàn (哨箭)

A Chinese whistling arrow.
War arrow logo

Measurements of a Qing war arrow

The standard military arrow of the Qing empire in numbers.
War arrow

Zhànjiàn (戰箭)

Qing Chinese term meaning "war arrow". The standard Qing military arrow.
Shundao

Seleme

Manchu word for a type of large hunting knife.
Shundao

Shùndāo (順刀)

Chinese name for a type of large hunting knife.
Green Standard Army logo

Lùyíng (綠營)

The Lùyíng (綠營) or "Green Standard Army" was a large force of the Qing dynasty military.

Green Standard Army logo

Niowanggiyan turun-i cooha

Manchu for Green Standard Army: The all-Han army of the Qing dynasty.
Green Standard Army logo

Green Standard Army

The all-Han army of the Qing dynasty.
Valiant Cavalry logo

Aliha Cooha

Manchu word for the Valiant Cavalry, the main contingent of Manchu, Mongolian and Chinese Banner troops.
Niaoqiang logo

Niǎoqiāng (鳥鎗)

The Chinese word for matchlock musket.
Meizhenjian

Méizhēnjiàn (梅针箭)

Language: Mandarin Chinese
Source: Classical literature

Zhuangyuan logo

Wǔ Zhuàngyuán (武狀元)

Title of the champion of the Qing Imperial Military Examinations.
Antique Chinese spearhead

Ming style spearhead

A heavy, well-made piece that was probably a military issue.
Qijiadao logo

Qijiadao in Vince Evans mounts

The 17th-century blade is mounted in fittings designed by Philip Tom and executed by Vince Evans some 20 years ago.
Changxing workshop

Chángxìng (長興)

A famous bow making shop in Chengdu, active until the 1960s.
Chunqiudao

Chūnqiūdāo (春秋刀)

Literally: "Spring-autumn blade", an alternative name for the yǎnyuèdāo.
Shuangjian

Shuāngjiàn (雙劍)

Language: Mandarin Chinese

Hudiedao

Húdiédāo (蝴蝶刀)

A type of Chinese double swords with D-shaped guards.
Green Standard Army Long Spear

Lùyíng chángqiāng (綠營長槍)

A large spear issued to the troops of the Green Standard Army in the Qing dynasty
Zhanmadao logo

Green Standard Army Zhanmadao

The Green Standard Army Zhanmadao was a large two-handed saber of the Qing dynasty.

Upper Three Banners

Sān shàng qí (三上旗)

Three of the Qing dynasty Eight Banners that were under the direct control of the emperor.
Long spear

Hùjūn Xiāoqí Chángqiāng (護軍驍騎長槍)

A very large spear issued to the cavalry contingent of the Guard Division.
Valiant Cavalry

Xiāoqíyíng (驍騎營)

Language: Mandarin Chinese
Source: Classical literature

Long spear logo

Guard Division Valiant Cavalry Long Spear (Qing)

A very long spear or lance, issued to the cavalry of the Guard Division.
Jiànruìyíng Chángqiāng

Jianruiying Long Spear (Qing)

A type of spear used by the Jianruiying, the Qing's special forces.
Jianruiying spear

Jiànruìyíng Chángqiāng (健銳營長槍)

The long spear of the Jianruiying, the special forces of the Qing dynasty.
Loho

Loho

Manchu word for saber.
Agūrai Hiya

Agūrai Hiya

A Qing imperial honor guard selected from war heroes and descendants of war heroes of the Upper Three Banners.
Bàowěi Bān Shìwèi

Bàowěi Bān Shìwèi (豹尾班侍衛)

A Qing imperial honor guard selected from war heroes and descendants of war heroes of the Upper Three Banners.
Dynasty forge jian

Dynasty Forge jian review

I am frequently asked whether I can recommend good, faithful reproductions of Chinese swords.
Vanguard

Vanguard (Qing)

Vanguard of the Eight Banners forces.
Valiant Cavalry

Valiant Cavalry (Qing)

The main force of the Eight Banners, consisting mainly of mounted warriors with bow and lance.
Leopard Tail Guard

Leopard Tail Imperial Bodyguards (Qing)

A Qing imperial honor guard selected from war heroes and descendants of war heroes of the Upper Three Banners.
Upper Three Banners

Upper Three Banners

Three of the Qing dynasty Eight Banners that were under the direct control of the emperor.
Imperial Guard (Qing)

Gocika Bayara

Manchu for Imperial Bodyguard
Imperial Guard (Qing)

Imperial Bodyguard (Qing)

The Imperial Bodyguard of the Qing dynasty.