The saber is called loho in Manchu. Various old dictionaries give terms for the different parts of the saber. For this glossary, I used a five language dictionary published around 1790.

It misses some important terms like those for blade and grip, which I will later add from a Kangxi period dictionary.

Loho

Loho

 
Manchu saber glossary

# 

English

 

Manchu (Möllendorff transliteration)

 

 

 

 

1

Guard

  garin
2

Ferrule

  guye

3

Pommel

  fesin-i toldohon

4

Collarpiece

  ulhun

5

Scabbard

  homhon
6

Scabbard end pieces

  dubei toldohon
7

Suspension bands

  tebeliyeku
8

Suspension bar

  sirdan sele
 

Saber lanyard

  turu
 

Washer at tang end

  anggûta

 

As a downloadable image.

 

Other saber related terms

The terms are from a 1704 Chinese-Manchu dictionary. 2

G'angga loho: Steel saber
Boobai loho: Precious saber

Jeyen: Saber point
Gencehen: Saber back
Jafakū: Saber handle
Kuhen: Saber groove

Muheren: Saber ring
Ulikū: Saber drawing hand
Toldohon: Saber hilt bands

Jeyen sendejehe: Saber edge collapsed
Jeyen nitarkan: Saber edge rolled up
Sebdekehe: Saber surface rusted
Mersenehe: Saber surface patterned

Sacimbi: Chop with a saber
Gencehelembi: Strike with back of saber
Goqimbi: Pull saber
Qulhūmbi? Qolhūmbi?: Brandish saber
Maksimbi: Raise saber
Lumbi?: Play with saber
Homholombi: Insert saber
Erhelembi: Pull saber
Oksibumbi: Shed the scabbard
Hatambi: Dip the point

 


Notes
1. Terms are taken from the Wuti Qingwen Jian (五體清文鑑) or "Five languages compendium", a Qing imperial dictionary in Manchu, Mongolian, Uighur, Tibetan and Chinese of circa 1790.
2. Tóng wén guǎng huì quánshū (同文广汇全书). A Qing imperial dictionary of Manchu and Chinese of 1704.

Do you have anything for sale?

I might be interested in buying it.

Contact me

A standard pattern Qing military saber, but with the rare addition of a label in Manchu.

€1900,-

Using a possibly captured M1898 "klewang" blade.

€800,-

These mysterious weapons were already obsolete when the first ethnographers encountered them.

€3200,-

With heavy blade and copper alloy hilt and lobed guard.

€700,-

Collected by a Russian prince from the hill peoples of central Vietnam in 1892.

€1800,-

Of a type likely produced by the Shan people and traded widely in the region.

€450,-