A rare Sinhalese spear | Mandarin Mansion

A rare Sinhalese spear

A Ceylonese spear


Introduction

According to Clough's Dictionary of Sinhalese of 1897 the five main weapons of the Sinhalese were the sword, spear, bow, battle-axe and shield. This combination was already mentioned in the Mahavamsa ("Great Chronicle"), an epic poem of the 5th century on the history of Sri Lanka.1

Despite this, little is known about Sinhalese spears. Deraniyagala and Parker mention several types, yet many other types remain unnamed or not described at all.2 Despite the scarcity of source material, Sinhalese spears are often easily recognizable by their style and workmanship.



Notes to introduction
1. E. Clough; Dictionary of Sinhalese of 1897
2. See: P.E.P. Deraniyagala; Sinhala Weapons and Armor, Journal of the Ceylon Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society Volume XXXV. No. 95 Part III, 7th December 1942 & H. Parker; Ancient Ceylon, Luzac & Co, London, 1909. Pages 534-536.


This example

Overall length: 196.8 cm / 77.5 inch
Spearhead length: 16 cm to bolster
Blade thickness: Base 9.5 mm
Blade width: Base 42 mm
Spike 68 mm
Weight: 783 grams
Point of balance: 86.5 cm from tip

Origin: Ceylon (Sri Lanka), Sinhalese
Materials: Steel, wood, lacquer
Dating: 18th or 19th century


Description

A rare example of a Sinahlese spear. Its steel tip with triangular blade with lotus buds chiseled from the base. The elongated neck has two steel bolsters, both bordered with decorative chiseling of stylized lotus buds.


A Ceylonese spear
Lotus bud elements on Sinhalese knives
Top, the chiseled lotus bud decor on this Sinhalese spear.
Bottom, similar work on the base of two Sinhalese knives in my collection.

The head is connected to the wooden shaft by means of four steel strips that are sunken into the wood. Each strip is riveted, through the shaft, to the strip on its opposite side. The strips on the edge sides are longer than the other two, as a reinforcements for lateral cutting movements.

The spear shaft is still original, made of strong, dense wood. The shaft swells somewhat near the end, a thickening that adds weight and provides balance. At the very end is a rounded steel butt piece for protection and counter-balancing, also attached by means of a rivet that goes through the entire shaft. Judging from the overall contours I believe the shaft retains its original length. Only the black lacquer is probably later applied, or re-applied.


Conclusion

Absent from even some of the most notable collections of Asian arms, this is a rare chance to own a spear from the Island of Sri Lanka.



€ 3500,-



Interested? Questions?
Contact peter@mandarinmansion.com

A Ceylonese spear

A Ceylonese spear

A Ceylonese spear

A Ceylonese spear

A Ceylonese spear

A Ceylonese spear

A Ceylonese spear

A Ceylonese spear

Like it? Share!